Advantages and Disadvantages of External Evaluation

Advantages of External Assessment

  • External assessment aids in the development of competent individuals via practice.
  • It validates the choice to advance them to the next class or offer them a degree or diploma.
  • External evaluation is important in establishing a student’s ability before formulating a strategy.
  • External evaluation is intended to uncover and locate errors and problems that are frequently overlooked by internal systems.
  • An important benefit of an external evaluation is that it allows people to evaluate different situations and settings and express their opinions on the equality of measures.
  • It also aids in adhering to good values.
  • A team of expert assessors guides you through a methodical examination of how well pupils are performing, giving new perspective and objectivity to the activity.
  • Effective learning outcomes are increasingly being used to evaluate educational establishment performance.
  • External evaluation offers vital information for determining if the school system is performing well and offering comments for improving student outcomes.

Disadvantages of External Assessment

  • Much fewer assessment opportunities: less variety of evaluation; only one test every year
  • Removes evaluation altogether from teaching and learning; in stressful situations, pupils may fail to demonstrate true abilities.
  • Limits validity by restricting the scope of assessment, such as making it impossible to measure interpersonal skills in an exam setting.
  • Even with double marking, examiner assessments can be influenced by a variety of circumstances (task difficulty, topic, degree of interest, weariness, and so on; minimal time for assessor reflection/revision).
  • Fairness can only be achieved by treating everyone the same, i.e. assigning the same job to all pupils at the same time.
  • The sole feedback is generally a grade after the course; there are no possibilities for contact with the assessor and no opportunity to inquire how to improve.
  • Examination is solely summative and serves no educational goal; its impact on teaching and learning may even be harmful; it may encourage teaching to the test and a concentration on exam technique rather than outcomes.
  • Teachers have little to no say in how their pupils are assessed and have little opportunity to contribute their skills or understanding of their students; students are viewed as statistics.
  • Teachers have no chance to enhance their assessment abilities, and they receive little or no feedback on how to grow as educators.