New Trends in Examination Reforms

CCE (Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation).

1) .CCE refers Continuous & Comprehensive Evaluation, a system of school based assessment that covers all the aspects of a student’s development.

2). CCE or Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation is a process of evaluating the child’s development in all school-related activities. This proposal was directed under the Right to Education Act in 2009 by the Central Board of Secondary Education of India and the state governments in India

3) It was designed to reduce the student stress related to board exams, and to introduce a uniform and comprehensive pattern for student evaluation across the country.

4)CCE helps teachers to systematize their strategies for effective teaching. Continual evaluation allows the teacher to detect weaknesses and identify certain students’ learning styles. Identifying a student’s learning difficulties regularly, helps in improving student performance.

Features Of Continuous And Comprehensive Evaluation (CCE).

1)Enables effective teaching

2)Conducts continuous assessment of student progress

3)Helps to create teaching-learning plans for future.

4)Creates good attitude and imbibes good values in students

5)Helps to improve Scholastic as well as Co-scholastic growth

6)Encourages all round development of the sstudents

Aim Of Continuous And Comprehensive Evaluation (CCE)

1)Evaluate and guide the students in all aspects of education.

2)Improve learning outcomes by focusing on skills and cognitive abilities of students

3)Encourage regular assessment and constructive criticism.

4)Reduce stress and pressure on students

5)Enable the instructors with prolific teaching

Significance of Grading system

1)Grading in education is the process of applying standardized measurements for varying levels of achievements in a course. 

2)Grades can be assigned as letters (usually A through F), as a range (for example, 1 to 6), as a percentage, or as a number out of a possible total (often out of 100).

3)The grading system ensures consistency and fairness in the assessment of learning, and in the assignment of scores and proficiency levels against the same  standards, across students, teachers, assessments, learning experiences, content areas, and time.

4)Common components for overall grades include classwork and quizzes, homework, tests, projects, and papers which cover more information than homework or classwork, and participation. 

Objectives of Grading system 

1)The primary objective of having a grading system is to assess the academic performance of a student.

 2) Grading system is considered as the most viable medium to analyse a child’s grasping power and reciprocating abilities.

3) The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE), a national level education board, decided to do away with the percentage system and made way for the grading mode in order to ensure proper accuracy in the learning capabilities of candidates.

Why was the Grading System in India introduced?

1)The grading system in India was introduced not only to match the international range of grades but to also take the load off from students.

2)The marks allotted in the age-old percentage system focused on the quantity, whereas the scores obtained in the grading system are based on the student’s ability to understand the concepts. 

3)The most important reason behind the introduction of grading system in India was to ease the examination-related pressure from the students. 

4)In Grading method, the student’s ability is tested not only based on academic performance but also on other activities like internal assignments, classroom projects, and answering ability which ultimately helps mould students and make studies less monotonous. 

5)It ensures uniformity across schools and colleges both in India and abroad.


Open book examination

1)The UGC’s guidelines issued during April 2020 state ‘open book examination’ ensures fair and equal opportunity for students appearing in online/offline/blended mode. During the exam, students will be allowed to refer to books, study materials and notes to answer the questions.

2)Open-book exams allows students to take notes, texts or resource materials into an exam situation. They test student’s ability to find and apply information and knowledge, so are often used in subjects requiring direct reference to written materials, like law statutes, statistics or acts of parliament.

3)Open book exam take away the pressure of retaining information among the students, allowing them to focus on understanding the concepts better. It will help create a positive outlook among students towards the whole process of exams.

Challenges in Open book examination

  1. If students are not taught well to give open-book exams, they may just duplicate what is in the textbook which would not fulfil the intention for which the exams are held. 
  2. Another challenge is to train an enormous number of evaluators in the new experiment technique. 

Advantages of open-book examination:

1)Open book experiments aid in the advancement of rational skills and real-world learning, which is extremely crucial in new varieties of jobs and internships where necessitating skilling and re-skilling are required as part of one’s vocation.

2)For students who gave difficulty in remembering lengthy answers, an open book exam is exceptionally effective as it is designed for civilizations who have a decent remembrance.

3)Open book exams allow learners to relate what they’ve learned in class to real-life circumstances, whereas shut book exams force learners to memorize all they’ve studied without entirely understanding it.

4)Students in open book examination find flexible ways to collect necessary information from different references.

5) Open-book exams can alter the strategy of instruction and can improve the mood of education.