The intended purpose of the Chapter is to throw light on a multitude of factors regarding Measurement, Evaluation, Characteristics of a measurement instrument, and Evaluation tools.

A detailed description is given under Measurement and Evaluation of concept and levels of measurement, the concept of evaluation (formative and summative), the distinction between Educational measurement, evaluation, and taxonomy of Educational objectives.

In-depth information is provided regarding the concept of Objectivity, Reliability and Validity 

Evaluation tools such as Essay type test, Short answer type test and objective tests are taught with proper examples, their need, significance and objectives.

The lesson ends with “Appraisal of the present system of Examination “, where students will get to know about reports of various committees and commissions on Examination reforms, Limitations of the present system of Examination as well as new trends in Examination reforms.