Concept of Summative Evaluation in Education

Summative assessment (or summative evaluation) refers to the evaluation of participants with a focus on the program’s results. The summative assessment seeks to evaluate student learning at the conclusion of an educational unit by comparing it to some norm or benchmark. It should be noted that the term “end” does not always refer to the completion of a course or module of study.

Summative evaluations can be given throughout a course after a specific unit (or set of topics) has been taught, and there are benefits to doing so. A summative evaluation occurs at the conclusion of the evaluation cycle. It is a sort of assessment that assesses the value of a task at the conclusion of programme activities. The outcome is the primary focus of summative evaluation.

Summative evaluations are assessments that examine the outcome of persons or students in order to estimate what students have learnt. They associate it with a conventional benchmark in this manner. Final examinations, chapter tests, and large-scale standardising tests such as the SAT are examples of summative modes of evaluation.

Examples of summative assessments include:

  • End of term or semester final exams
  • End of unit or chapter tests
  • Benchmark assessments which measure mastery of a standard
  • State exams

Methods of summative assessments

Methods of summative assessment aim to summarize overall learning at the completion of the course or unit.

  • Questionnaires
  • Surveys
  • Interviews
  • Observations
  • Testing
  • Projects (a culminating project that synthesizes knowledge)