The Basic Elements Used in Credit System

It has the following basic elements:

  • Semesters: Each semester is evaluated separately. A student advances according to the courses they take rather than the length of their programme, such as three years for science, the arts, and commerce or four years for engineering, etc. There will be 15–18 weeks of academic work (90 teaching days) in each semester. The curriculum may be created with some flexibility, and credits can be given based on the course material and the number of teaching hours.
  • Credit system: Each course receives a specific number of credits. The student receives the credits for the course when he successfully completes it. A student does not have to retake a course if they pass it once throughout the semester. Credits can be earned by students at their own speed.
  • Credit transfer: He has the option to study fewer courses and earn less credits and make up the difference in the next semester if, for whatever reason, he is unable to manage the study load or if he becomes ill.
  • Comprehensive continuous assessment: There is a continuous evaluation of the student not only by the teachers but also by the student himself.
  • Grading: UGC has introduced a 10-point grading system as follows:
  • O (Outstanding) : 10
  • A+ (Excellent) : 9
  • A (Very Good) : 8
  • B+ (Good) : 7
  • B (Above Average) : 6
  • C (Average) : 5
  • P (Pass) : 4
  • F (Fail): 0
  • Ab (Absent) : 0