Explain The Role of a Teacher as a Manager of The Learning Environment
It is universally recognized that the teacher is the key person in an education system. He enjoys the high esteem and prestigious status sometimes denied to kings and emperors and he plays pivotal role. Around him, whole system of education revolves.
According to Honeyford, a major limiting factor in any classroom is the teacher not only do his character, personality and competence play a large part in determining the atmosphere of the lesson, the sort of relationships which exist, the styles of communication and the rules and regulations governing the formalities, but the teacher also performs a key role in influencing the pupils’ view of himself and the sort of progress he/she makes.
Successful classroom management has been defined as producing a high rate of work involvement with a low rate of deviancy. in academic settings.
To some considerable degree teachers control their instructional effectiveness in the classroom. The passive teacher simply relies on the same old teaching techniques day after day. However, the active teacher who varies his/her day planning different teaching strategic and techniques tends to achieve more success in teaching. Not only does this practice of different teaching techniques provide change for the teacher, it also serves as a motivation for students.
Good managers also carefully arrange their classrooms to minimize disturbances and make sure that instruction can proceed efficiently; they set up their rooms according to the following principles:
i. Teachers should be able to see all students at all times.
ii. Teaching materials and supplies are readily available.
iii. High – traffic areas should be free of congestion.
iv. Students should be able to see instructional presentations.
v. Procedures and routines should be actively taught in the same way that academic content is taught.
Well-managed classrooms did not result from magic, but that carefully established and maintained procedures were at work.
The teacher, as manager, would have to be concerned with the complex activities of planning, organizing, directing, leading, coordinating, evaluating and reporting among others. Specifically, physical resources would have to be properly arranged and controlled to assist students in their learning process; while the performances of the students and the teacher himself have to be evaluated to determine effectiveness of the classroom encounter (teaching – learning process). Following are the managerial functions of the teacher: planning, organizing, leading, coordinating, directing, supervising, controlling, evaluating, communicating and reporting.