Elements and steps in Counselling

Directive Counselling

1) This type of counselling was given by B. G. Williamson.

2)In this type the counsellor is in active role and directly take the decisions or suggests the counselee that means the counsellor have major role in this type.

3)Williamson suggested this method is good for education and vocational issues or problems.

4)In this type of counselling the problem is in central role and solution is given on the basis of that, means counselee behaviour is given less importance.

Steps in Directive Counselling

1)Analysis: in this collection of information take place through interview, conversation with counselee or their family members or friends, etc.

2)Synthesis: then the data is organised and summarised in proper format to identify potential, liabilities (TRI), habits, etc. of the client.

3)Diagnosis: In this step problems and their cause is identified.

4)Prognosis: In this step the future development of the problem is predicted.

5)Counselling: in this step the counsellor can suggests to bring out the adjustments.

6)Follow up: time to time follow up is done.

Non-Directive Counselling:

1)This method was given by Carl Rogers (chief exponent) Centered Therapy, Rogerian therapy. Ent) and also called as Client

2)In this type the counselee is allowed to express freely and the counsellor in this method only guides and directs.

3)In this method counselee understand their problem with the help of the counsellor and takes an active part and plan what to do for the problem.

4)Here the role of counsellor is passive.

5)In this method emotional aspect is given preference rather than the intellectual aspect. Here, democratic method is followed.

Step in Non Directive Counselling

1)The counselee comes for the help.

2)The counsellor identify the problematic situation.

3)The counsellor encourages the counselee to express free about their problem.

4)The counsellor accept negative as well as positive feeling for the problem.

5)Now the insights or thoughts of counselee are directed towards actions.

6)For the solution of the problem positive steps are taken.

7)If the need of help is decreased then the counselling process can be  terminated.

Eclectic Counselling

1)This method was given by F. C. Thorne

2)This method is combination of both directive and non-directive counselling.

3)In this method the counsellor is neither passive nor active the counsellor understand different aspects and suggests best strategies for them (counselee) .

4)In this method both counsellor and counselee works in cooperation

5)Here the counsellor studies the needs for the client and may begin with directive or non-directive or vice versa as per the need of the situation. 

Steps in Eclectic Counselling

1)After Interview try to diagnosis the cause of the problem.

2)Proper Analysis of the problem.

3)Make strategy as per the need of the counselee to solve the problem.

4)Stimulating the client to make their own resource after Interviewing and taking precautions or responsibility for trying new methods of adjustment.

5)In last, follow-up can be performed or counselling may be ended when no needed.