Concept and Types of Counselling in Education B.ed Notes

Definition of Counselling in Education

Counselling is a scientific process of assistance extended by an expert, to a needy persons in an individual situation. It is often referred to as the heart of any guidance programme. It is one of the services of guidance which intend to establish a relationship between the ccunsellor and the subject in which, the former attempts to assist the latter, in achieving optimum educational, vocational, personal and social development and adjustments. For quite some time it was termed as incidental or unscientific process but now it is being made a systematic and scientific process. In the field of education counselling may be described as the interaction, developing through the relationship between the counsellor and a counselee on a temporary state of indecision, confusion or distress, which helps the individual to make his own dislikes and choices, to resolve his confusion or cope with his distress in a personally realistic and meaningful way, having consideration for his emotional and practical needs and for the likely consequences of his behaviour.

Definitions of Counselling

  • According to Carl Regers, “Counselling is a series of direct contacts with the individual which aims to offer him assistance in changing his attitudes and behaviour.”
  • According to Gilbert C. Wren, “counselling is a personal and dynamic relationship between two individuals.”
  • According to Willy and Andrew, “counselling is a mental learning process. It involves two individuals, one seeking help and other a professionally trained person helping the first to orient and direct himself towards a goal which leads to his maximum development and growth in his environment.”
  • According to Myers, “Counselling implies a relationship between two individuals in which one gives certain kind of assistance to the other.”

Types of Counselling in Education

  1. Directive Counselling: Counseling based on the counsellor is another name for it. A specific issue and the potential for remedies are the only things being discussed. The job of the counsellor in this phase is more active. The choice is made by the client, but the counsellor does all possible to show the counselee the path to fulfilment and advancement.
  2. Non-directive Counselling: It is often referred to as client-centered or permissive counselling. The objective is the client’s independence and integration, as well as the problem’s resolution, and the counselee takes an active part in this process.