Meaning of Counselling
1)It can be defined as the vital part of guidance and only provided by an expert or professional.
2)Counselling defined as a process in which two Individuals are involved a “Counsellor” and a “counselee” (client) and in a professional setting.
3)It is face to face interaction ,who are what, problems they are having, what stopping them to do something, can be done, etc.
4)Counselling in education may try to diagnose and assess the problems in learning, personal problems, behaviours, attitudes, fear, etc.
Definition of counselling by different authors
1)Wren says, “counselling is a dynamic and purposeful relationship between two people who approach a mutually defined problem with mutual consideration for each other to the end that the younger or less mature, or more troubled of the two is aided to a self determined resolution of his problem.”
2) According to Shertzer and Stone, “Counselling is an interaction process which facilitates meaningful understanding of self and environment and results in the establishment and or clarification of goals and values for future behaviours”.
3) According to Merle M. Ohlsen, “Counselling is accepting, trusting and safe relationship in which clients learn to discuss openly what worries and upsets them, to define precise behaviour goals, to acquire the essential social skills and to develop the courage and self confidence to implement desired new behaviour.”
Purposes of Counselling
1)Achievement of positive mental health.
2)To make individuals to oriented for educational aims.
3)Helps to resolve problems (anxiety, fear, attitude etc)
4)Counselling for better decision-making.
5)Improving personal effectiveness so the goals and objectives can be completed
6)To encourage for developing better attitude, behaviour, approach, etc.
7)To develop skills for better behavioural modifications for effective study.
Need And Importance Of Counselling
1)At this stage counselling is done to know the problem in learning process.
2)For better personnel development.
3)To prevent chronic effects of fear and anxiety that can affect learning.
4)Forgetting or avoiding bad habits.
5)Trying new approach, behaviour, attitudes, etc so that better results can be obtained.
6)To know us better.