Guidance is universal and the basic philosophy of guidance is common to all countries, with a slight modification. The main principles of the philosophy of guidance are:

  • Every individual is different from the other.
  • The primary concern of guidance is the individual.
  • thee dignity of each individual is supreme.
  • A continuous guidance process is needed from birth to adulthood.
  • The individual has the inner ability to learn and be helped to make choices that will lead them to social improvement.

These principles provide foundations for the guidance and counseling process.

Philosophical foundations of Guidance and Counselling

  • Every individual has different types of talents:

Every individual has talent, some have one and some have more than one, but the talent needs time and if not done in time, it may remain dormant. For it, the scientific study of each individual is a necessity, and the process of guidance does this precisely.

  • Possibility of Excellence:

The individual can shine brighter in the trial when the talent is detected and nourished by the process of the right time and right guidance. It is surely possible when an individual knows their worth they put efforts into the field and can be fully motivated towards their goals. This provides satisfaction and work becomes a pleasure for them.

  • Freedom of Choice:

In this point the meaning of freedom is for educational and vocational counselling. There is freedom in choosing or deciding the right path, when an individual goes for counselling, a counsellor can only guide and motivates them so they choose the right path.

  • The Nature of Man:

There are many institutes and offices for guidance and counselling that provide different philosophies and they suggest different concepts regarding the nature of a man.

Sociological foundations of Guidance and Counselling