National Policy on Education (1986)
1)In 1986, the government led by Rajiv Gandhi introduced a new National Policy on Education. 2)The new policy called for “special emphasis on the removal of disparities and to equalise educational opportunity,” especially for Indian women, Scheduled Tribes (ST) and the Scheduled Caste (SC) communities.
3)It was realised that our country has come to a stage where major decisions in education are necessary to be taken.
4)With the aim it was announced in January 1985 that a new education policy would be created and suggestions will be taken from the experts around the country.
5)The National Policy on Education 1986 was the result of the discussion occurred in Budget Session in 1985 during the Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi.
6)The main issues of that time was equality, population, rural education, adult education, minorities education, technological education, vocational education, etc. That need to be improved in coming years.
7) Twenty three Task Forces were constituted and each one was assigned a particular task as per the National Policy on Education.
8)The Task Force submitted their reports in July 1986 and amended in the year 1992 named as Programme of Action or POA 1992.
9)The task force have educationists, experts from state and central Governments, etc.
10)Late Rajiv Gandhi Ji said that the country need “new education policy which will bring economic and scientific development and prepare it for the 21st century.”
The subjects given to the Task forces.
1)Education for Women’s Equality
2)Education of the Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and other backward classes.
4)Making the System Work
5)Content and Processes of School Education
6)Education of the Handicapped
8)Early Childhood Care and Education
9) Elementary Education (including Non-Formal Education Education and Formal Education )
10)Secondary Education and Navodaya Vidyalaya
13.) Innovations, Research and Development
14.) Open University and Distance Learning
15) Technical and Management Education
16). The Cultural Perspective and Implementation of Language Policy .
17)Media and Educational Technology (including use of Computers in Education)
18)De-linking degrees from jobs and Manpower Planning
19)Sports, Physical Education & Youth
20). Management of Education
21). Evaluation Process and Examination
22)Teachers and their Training
23) Rural Universities/Institutes