Secondary Education Commission 1952-53
1)The Secondary Education commission known as Mudaliar Commission was appointed by the government of India in term of their Resolution to bring changes in the present education system and make it better for the Nation.
2)In 1951 Central Advisory Board of Education advised the central government to appoint secondary education commission.
3)The government appointed secondary education commission on 23rd sept, 1952. Under chairmanship of Dr. Lakshamanswami Mudaliar, the Vice Chancellor of Madras University. On the name of its chairman this commission is termed as Mudaliar Commission.
4)The commission has observed, “We have to bear in mind the principle that secondary education is a complete unit by itself and not merely a preparatory stage, that at the end of this period, the student should be in a position, if he wishes, to enter on the responsibilities of life and take up some useful vocations.
The Aims and Objectives of Secondary Education Commission 1952-53
1)To Produce Ideal Citizens
The Commission has realised that no nation can progress without a national feeling along with social feeling. Therefore, it has laid down that the aim of secondary education should be to produce such ideal citizens who imbued with strong national and social feeling.
2. To Develop Capacity for Earning money
The Commission is of the view that after having received secondary education one should be able to earn enough for maintaining himself. For developing this capacity vocational subjects should be introduced in the curriculum.
3.Quality of Leadership Secondary education Secondary Education should develop the quality of leadership in students. This quality is very necessary for the sake of democracy and for the development of the country as a whole.
4.To Develop Human Virtues
Man is a social animal. So he should have the spirit of co-operation, discipline, humility, love, kindness and the feeling of brotherhood. The curriculum must have such subjects which may inculcate these virtues in students. Science, literature, fine arts, humanities, music and dance are some of such subjects.
5. To Improve Vocational Efficiency:
The Commission regarded that Self sufficiency and national prosperity are possible through the creation of vocational efficiency of the students engaging themselves in productive work.
6. To develop Personality:
The secondary education should be moulded to develop the sources of creative energy among the students so that they can appreciate their cultural heritage to cultivate rich interests in Music, dance, drama, crafts.
Duration of secondary education
1)The Commission has recommended that secondary education should be for children between the ages of 11 and 17.
2)It has divided this seven-year education into two parts (1) junior high school phase for three years and (2) high school for four years.
3)The commission recommended the introduction of a three-year course. For this purpose, the secondary level should be continued up to the eleventh grade and the twelfth grade should be added to the first course (BA, B.Sc. or B.Com.) of the university. Therefore, the Commission has proposed the abolition of the secondary schools that exist in some parts of the country.
CONTRIBUTION IN PROGRESS OF MODERN INDIAN SECONDARY EDUCATION
1)All India Advisory Board of Secondary Education was formed at centre to find out problems of secondary education and to suggest their remedies.
2) Education of general science was made compulsory.
3) In some secondary schools NCC was organized.
4) Mother-tongue was made the medium of secondary education which made expansion of secondary education possible.
5)Reforms in training of teachers, their pay scales & service conditions.
6)Facility of educational & vocational guidance & counselling was made available in secondary schools.