Family Welfare Programme
A worldwide agreement on a new strategy for policies to achieve population stability was created during the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development. To slow down population growth, India became the first nation in the world to introduce a family planning program in 1951.
To satisfy the needs of women who are at risk of unintended pregnancies and to help the nation’s fertility decrease, the department of family welfare has launched several experimental programmes. Reproductive and child health became the focus of India’s National Family Welfare Program in 1997, and a complete overhaul of execution was suggested in the country’s ninth five-year plan (1997-2002).
The word “reproductive health” refers to all facets of a woman’s health, from early childhood to adolescence, menstruation, and even beyond. Humans intend to change the population issue into a population solution by integrating primary health with maternity, infant, and youth development.
The WHO defines reproductive health as “a state of complete physical, mental, and social well being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.” Reproductive health addresses the reproductive processes,-functions and systems at all stages of life.
Hence, reproductive health indicates that: Individuals can have a fulfilling and safe sexual life; they have the potential to procreate, and they have the flexibility to choose whether to produce offspring and how frequently. This description emphasizes the right of men and women to be informed about and have direct exposure to the ovulation regulation methodologies of their preference that are protected, efficient, inexpensive, and satisfactory, as well as the ability to demand suitable health care services that will allow women to experience pregnancy and childbirth comfortably and give couples the highest probability of gaining a healthy newborn.
Women’s health is crucial at every stage of life. at the time of delivery. She gives the next generation the gift of excellent health. A strong kid develops into a healthy adolescent, and the cycle continues with good health during the reproductive years. When a healthy pregnant person can procreate a healthy kid, it extends into the upcoming generation. The RCH Programme will make a significant contribution to enhancing both the general health of women and society in general.
Aims and Objectives of family welfare programme
- Knowledge about family planning, education, and programs for women to promote healthy childbearing.
- instruction on how to deliver a baby safely, care for the mother and child thereafter, and how to treat women before they get pregnant.
- vaccination against avoidable infections in newborn health care.
- Preventing and treating infections of the reproductive system
The main goals of the Family Welfare Program are population stabilization and high-quality health care, particularly immunization of both expectant mothers and their unborn children. The State has been implementing the Family Welfare Program for the past 48 years with financial support from the federal government.
The family planning programme now has a much wider perspective in a comprehensive approach to adolescent sexual and reproductive development and is not just aimed at population stability. A complete health care program includes therapies, family planning, immunizations, counselling, etc. Family welfare programmes are administered by Government of India funds, rules, and regulations.
The Reproductive and Child Health Program has been put into place in every state with a focus on community deserves evaluation to guarantee high-quality healthy childbirth and population reduction. Each state government has developed and executed health reforms to improve the delivery of healthcare and provide medical institutions more autonomy.