Emergence of Population Education in India with Special Reference to NPE (1986)
Aims and functions of education
“In our national perception, education is essential for all, as it is fundamental to our all round development—material and spiritual”.
The ideals of socialism, secularism, and democracy contained in our constitution must be furthered via education, which must play an acculturating role in developing sensibilities and perceptions that promote national cohesiveness, a scientific temperament, and freedom of spiritual life.
Education creates a workforce for various tiers of the national economy. It serves as the foundation for research and development, which is the surest way to ensure national independence.
For both the current and prospective whole development of the nation in all its forms, education is a singular expenditure.
National system of education in India
The notion of a “National System of Education” indicates that, up to a certain degree, all children, regardless of caste, creed, locality, or sex, have access to an education of an equivalent quality, as stated lucidly by the NPE of 1986. The government is considering financing programs to accomplish this goal. Effective steps will be taken in the development of the 1968 policy-recommended common education system.
It envisions the Kothari Commission’s suggested 10 + 2 + 3 universal educational framework (1964-66). All regions of the country now recognise this arrangement. Concerning the subsequent division of the first ten years, a primary structure with five years of primary education, three years of upper primary, and two years of high school will be pursued.
Framework of National system of education in India
A national curriculum framework that includes a common core and additional customizable elements will serve as the foundation for the country’s educational system. The history of India’s liberation struggle, constitutional requirements, and other materials crucial to fostering national identity will all be part of the common core.
Such cross-curricular components are intended to promote ideals like egalitarianism, democracy, secularism, equality of the sexes, environmental protection, removing social boundaries, adhering to the small family ideal, and instilling a scientific mindset. All educational initiatives will continue in a manner consistent with secular ideals.
Schemes of National system of education in India
- Three languages are taught at upper primary and secondary levels, together with one language at the primary level.
- Science and social science research on the environment.
- S.U.P.W., pre-vocational studies, and work experience.
- art lesson.
- Physical education and wellbeing.
Equal opportunity must be provided to all in terms of access as well as success-enabling factors in order to advance equality. Additionally, the range of the core subjects will promote understanding of the fundamental equality of all people. Preconceptions and anxieties that are inherited from birth accidents and the social environment are meant to be eliminated.
The NPE ’86 states, “steps will be taken to foster among students an understanding of the diverse cultural and social system of the people living in different parts of the country. To promote this objective, the link language has to be developed and programmes of translating books from one language to another and publishing multilingual dictionaries and glossaries should be implemented.” The Policy stated, “The young will be encouraged to undertake the rediscovery of India, each in his own image and perception”.
In keeping with India’s long-standing history of encouraging international cooperation and social harmony, education must foster communication between nations, consider the entire globe as one big family, and inspire the next generation to do the same. This element cannot be disregarded.
According to NPE, initiatives will be done in higher education generally and technical education specifically to promote inter-regional mobility by granting fair opportunities to any Indian with the necessary qualifications, independently of where they are from. The global nature of colleges and other higher education institutions should be viewed as fostering a sense of national identity and mobility.
Strengthening of National Institutions
The NPE of 1986 suggests strengthening important national institutions including the UGC, NCERT, NIEPA, AICTE, ICAR, and IMC in order to help them design the country’s educational system and meet new needs. Each of these leading organizations will use planning and implementation to create practical connections and strengthen research and post-graduate educational programmes.
Measures of National system of education in India
- Advantages for poor families to take their children to school regularly until they become 14 years old.
- Starting in first grade, the pre-matric scholarship programme will be implemented.
- Ongoing micro-planning and monitoring to guarantee enrollment, engagement, and integrated modules accomplishment, as well as the offering of remedial courses to increase their chances of continuing their education and finding work.
- Hiring of educators from certain castes.
- A phased approach for providing amenities for SC students in the dorms at district headquarters.
- To enable the full involvement of the scheduled castes, school buildings, Balwadis, adult education institutions, and non-formal centres must be situated.
- Making significant academic necessary facilities to the scheduled castes by using NREP and RLEGP funding.
- Continuous innovation in the search for fresh approaches to boost the prohibited castes’ involvement in the educational process.