**National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT)** The National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) is an autonomous organization under the Government of India that plays a pivotal role in shaping and implementing the educational policies and programs of the country. Established in 1961, NCERT is headquartered in New Delhi and is responsible for developing educational resources, conducting research, and providing guidance to improve the quality of school education in India. Key Functions of NCERT: 1. **Curriculum Development:** NCERT is responsible for designing and developing the National Curriculum Framework (NCF) for school education. It formulates guidelines and syllabi for various subjects, focusing on a holistic and child-centric approach to learning. 2. **Textbook Publication:** NCERT is renowned for producing high-quality textbooks for school students. These textbooks are widely used across the country and are known for their comprehensive content, pedagogical approach, and adherence to the principles of the NCF. 3. **Teacher Training:** NCERT conducts training programs, workshops, and seminars for teachers to enhance their pedagogical skills and update them with the latest teaching methodologies. These initiatives aim to improve the overall teaching-learning process in schools. 4. **Research and Development:** NCERT conducts research in the field of education, including curriculum development, assessment methods, educational technology, and pedagogical practices. The organization contributes to the advancement of educational theory and practice. 5. **Educational Resources:** NCERT develops a wide range of educational materials, including textbooks, supplementary reading materials, multimedia resources, and online platforms to support both students and teachers. 6. **Educational Policy:** NCERT actively contributes to the formulation of national educational policies by providing valuable insights and recommendations based on its research and expertise. It plays a crucial role in shaping the educational landscape of the country. 7. **Promotion of Inclusive Education:** NCERT works towards promoting inclusive education by developing materials and strategies to cater to the needs of diverse learners, including those with disabilities. 8. **International Cooperation:** NCERT collaborates with international organizations and institutions to share best practices, exchange knowledge, and contribute to global educational initiatives. NCERT's initiatives have significantly impacted the education system in India by focusing on learner-centered education, encouraging critical thinking, and fostering a deeper understanding of subjects. Its textbooks and resources are widely regarded as valuable tools for both teachers and students. The organization continues to play a vital role in shaping the future of education in India by adapting to the evolving needs of the educational landscape.
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