The word "adjustment" is derived from the word "adaptation" in biology. While psychologists use the term "adjustment" to refer to a variety of interpersonal or social situations in a community, biologists exclusively use the term "adaptation" to refer to the physical needs of the surroundings. Adjustment refers to a person's reaction to the requirements and expectations of their social environment. The requirement that the person must meet might be internal or external. Adjustment has been studied by psychologists from two key standpoints: "adjustment as an achievement" and "adjustment as a process."
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