James Shaver (1976) created the Rationale Building Approach, a jurisprudential model of moral instruction. Although this paradigm clarifies the several aspects of morality—judging, treating, and acting—it focuses primarily on the area of judgment. It can serve as a roadmap for educators who desire to implement a unique program of moral instruction in their classrooms. Shaver's proposed framework is connected to the function of critical reflection on the parts of both instructors and students in moral education rather than offering recommendations. Shaver's model's theoretical foundation is divided into three sections:
- identifying a value,
- describing the nature of democracy, and
- examining the role of moral instruction in a democracy.
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