A candidate’s achievement may be viewed at three different levels 1)Self-referenced -In this, we get to know how the student is progressing with reference to himself/herself. 2)Criterion-referenced -Here we get to know how the student is progressing with reference to the criteria set by the teacher. Criterion-referenced individual scores are interpreted in terms of the student’s performance relative to some standard or criterion 3)Norm-referenced -It shows how the student is progressing with reference to his/her classmates or peer group. Norm-referenced-individual scores are interpreted relative to the scores of others in a well defined Norming group.
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