QuestionsWhat are the definitions of culture?
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admin answered 1 year ago
E.A. Hoebel defined, “Culture is the sum total of integrated learned behavior patterns that are
characteristics of the members of a society and which are therefore not the result of biological
The concept of "culture" comes from Cicero's Tusculanae Disputationes, when he spoke about
the growth of the soul, or "cultura animi," utilizing an agricultural analogy for the growth of a
philosophical soul, seen in teleological terms as the highest conceivable characteristic of human
Edward S. Casey (1986) describes:
"The very word culture meant "place tilled "in Middle English, and the same word goes back to
Latin colere, 'to inhabit, care for, till, worship' and cultus, 'a cult, especially a religious one.' To
be cultural, to have a culture, is to inhabit a place sufficiently intensive to cultivate it—to be
responsible for it, to respond to it, to attend to it caringly. ”
Sociologists defined it as: ● Taylor defines culture as "that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art,
morals, and law; custom; and any other capabilities and habits, acquired by man as a
component of society."
● Ellwood says that "culture includes man’s entire material civilization, tools, weapons,
clothing, shelter, machines, and even the system of industry.”
● According to Brown, “both material and non-material are dependent upon each
“Culture” refers to an ethnic, religious, or socioeconomic institution's traditional beliefs, social
patterns, and material characteristics. A group's culture includes its style of living, including
what they respect, what they don't appreciate, their habits of living, their works of art, what they
do, and what they enjoy.