1. Id: A source of innate energy that encompasses biological needs including those for sex, violence, and the need to survive. The unconscious id pursues pleasure and avoids suffering in accordance with the Pleasure principle. Primary process thinking, which is illogical, irrational, and driven by a need for the immediate fulfilment of impulses, is what the id is known for. 2. Ego: The element that controls the struggle between the id and the limitations of reality. While some ego components are preconscious or conscious, others are unconscious. The ego functions in accordance with the reality principle, which recognises that in order to meet the needs of the real world, urge fulfilment must be postponed. Secondary process thinking, which is logical and reasonable, is what the ego is known for. The function of the ego is to stop the id from acting on its impulses in ways that are not acceptable in society. 3. Superego: The moral aspect of one's nature. It encompasses all of the moral standards taught to us by our parents and society. The superego makes the ego adhere not merely to reality, but also to its moral standards. As a result, the superego makes people feel terrible when they break society's rules. The superego, like the ego, works at all three levels of awareness.
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