Define Motivation? What are the types of Motivation?

what is motivation

Motivation is derived from the Latin word ‘Motum,’ which means ‘movement’ or ‘motion.’ Motivation is what drives us to take action. Motivation has three primary components: activation, perseverance, and intensity.

Motivation is described as the process through which goal-oriented behaviours are initiated, guided, and maintained. Motivation is what drives us to take action, whether it’s grabbing a glass of water to quench our thirst or reading a book to expand our knowledge. It is the internal psychological mechanism that motivates a person to meet his requirements by reaching his goals.

Types of Motivation

There are two types of motivation or arousals. They can either be internally or externally driven.

Intrinsic Motivation

It is an internal force or purpose within the individual that drives him or her to act in a specific way. It is an intrinsic or genetically programmed inclination to respond in a certain way when confronted with a specific scenario.

This form of motivation may develop sentiments of self-assurance and competence in a person. A student who is genuinely driven may complete a task because he or she finds it enjoyable. In another sense, a dog that spots a bone and rushes after it does so because it enjoys eating bones. This form of behaviour does not need any prior knowledge. Spotting the bone alters the dog’s behaviour and motivates it to act.

Extrinsic Motivation

The external or environmental component is what initiates the individual’s behaviour. An individual’s behaviour is directed toward a goal by the incentive/reinforcer. Extrinsically driven students will perform an action in order to gain a reward or avoid punishment.
For example, a student who studied hard for the exam did so in order to get a better mark. The same is true for a runner who wants to win a prize; he or she will require more practise than someone who just wants to run for enjoyment. Extrinsic incentives should be utilised cautiously since they have the potential to reduce intrinsic motivation.