New Trends in Supervision and Inspection
The system of education is going through dramatic shifts. Globalization, emerging socioeconomic inequities, increased cultural diversity and other trends change the balance of forces in education and urge for the enhancement of new advanced systems for productive education and learning.
In this context, supervision becomes one of the critical yet undiscovered factors of learning efficiency. Supervision is gaining prominence in research and practice, but it is a relatively new and dynamic concept. New trends in supervision could bring confidence to educators, teachers and supervisors. A systematic review of these trends is currently warranted.
The purpose of this project is to highlight the most prevalent trends in educational supervision, their relative efficacy, and their implications for education, teaching and learning. The results of this systematic review can provide a framework for future analysis of the problem. Modern supervision has been described as a process which is concerned with the improvement of instruction, it needs to be strengthened at the school level. Modern supervision is based upon certain principles and techniques through which the teaching-learning process becomes more effective.
Modern supervision is leadership-oriented and contradicts the traditional bureaucratic and authoritarian inspection. This implies that in modern supervision the supervisor plays his role as leader of the group. To play his role effectively, he should play his role with dynamic understanding and a collaborative leadership attitude. He is said to be an expert and experienced person in this regard.
Now Supervision encompasses the activities and programs to ensure the academic development of students and the professional development of teachers and to improve the overall teaching-learning process. With this in mind, it can be seen that the role of the supervisor in modern supervision encompasses those programs and activities that go beyond traditional classroom attendance, and that supervision is thus broader. The concept of modern supervision is based on the premise that education is a creative and collaborative enterprise in which all teachers, students, parents and administrators participate and the supervisors are their academic leaders who stimulate, guide and advise them in improving the educational process.