Objectives of Supervision
The prime goal of supervision is to maximize production both in quantity and quality. It is one of the elements of direction besides motivation, leadership and communication. It is performed at all levels of management by guiding the efforts of employees and other resources to achieve the desired result.
Supervision is to check the execution of employees in their tasks as per policies of the organization and work plan thereby resolving work-related problems and Issues thus developing team spirit and a sense of responsibility among team members. The fundamental goal of pedagogical supervision is to improve the quality of education by giving teachers professional guidance and to evaluate the work of educational institutions by suggesting improvements. It enhances and provides additional evidence for annual performance management and review.
Types of Supervision
There are four types of Supervisions:
Autocratic – Everything is done strictly under Autocratic Supervision by avoiding any sort of interventions.
Laissez-faire– This is independent supervision where the supervisor avoids interfering with the tasks of their respective subordinates. Workers enjoy their full freedom and are encouraged to solve the problem as well.
Democratic– In Democratic Supervision, the supervisor acts according to mutual consent and discussion by allowing workers to give suggestions, which ultimately results in job satisfaction and enhanced morale of employees.
Bureaucratic– In Bureaucratic supervision, rules and regulations are laid down by the supervisor and all workers are required to follow the rules, which ultimately brings uniformity to an organisation.