The behavior of children and young adults that does not conform to societal norms has been described in a number of different ways. Nowadays, it is thought to be useful to see delinquency as a type of behavior brought on by a child’s system of habits and emotions not developing properly. Lacks in the surroundings or groups acting to pervert or twist behavior into undesirable forms may be to blame for the inability to develop the intended habit. As a result, the issue shifts from early segregation of the criminal or delinquent types to the prevention of delinquency rather than the punishment of individuals whose lifestyle is contrary to popular decency and the interests of the community.
Juvenile Delinquency is the term used to describe a minor breaking the law. Delinquency is a criminal and antisocial conduct that a child under the age of 18—i.e., a minor who is not an adult—commits. Delinquency is another name for juvenile delinquency. Once an individual reaches maturity, his antisocial and aggressive conduct might be considered a felony. Therefore, we can define juvenile delinquency as the juvenile counterpart of criminality.
Delinquent acts contradict the procedural principles that the criminal justice system likewise has to follow for grownups. Delinquent offences, including murder, rape, armed robbery, violent and simple assaults, threatening, kidnapping, and other related crimes, all entail acts of aggression. Material offenses such as robbery, stealing, shoplifting, theft of a motor vehicle, burning, vandalism, malicious trespass, sabotage, and others are included in the list of delinquent offenses.
Public order violations include a wide range of other offenses. These also constitute delinquent crimes. These include driving while drunk, animal abuse, drug usage and trafficking, disorderly behaviour, unlawful use of a firearm, sex trafficking, and other commercialised vices, begging and trespassing, and traffic infractions, among others.
Characteristics of Delinquent Child
- Children who live with their parents or other legal guardians are more likely to be involved in juvenile offenses. Three-fourths of the delinquents were discovered to be staying with their families, roughly one-fifth (20.2%) with their guardians, and fewer than a tenth were determined to be homeless at the time of their detention. This demonstrates how the home environment affects young criminal behavior.
- Girls commit fewer crimes than boys do, so boys have considerably greater delinquency rates than girls do.
- Early adolescence is often when delinquency rates are greatest.
- Urban areas experience juvenile delinquency more than rural areas do. Young offenders are produced in metropolitan areas rather than in smaller cities and villages.
- The main factor contributing to criminal behavior is a low level of education.
- Another significant factor in young people becoming delinquent is their socioeconomic environment.
- Only slightly more than one tenth of juvenile offenders are convicted criminals, and more than four out of every five juvenile offenders are first-time violators.
- Even if certain crimes are performed in groups, there aren’t many juvenile gangs in our nation that are supported by organized adult criminals.
Causes of Delinquency in Psychology
Schooling: One of the major causes of delinquency is poor attendance in school. In addition to being a place for learning and development, school has a scheduled schedule that gives kids something to work for every day. The daily pattern of waking up, getting ready, going to school, finishing the assigned task, and coming home creates a foundation for future positive decisions. Children miss out on developing excellent habits when they are not motivated to acquire this kind of routine. Additionally, they have a lot of spare time, which they may use to “educate” about things that won’t improve their lives or their prospects.
Home Environment: Violence in the family is one of the biggest causes of delinquency. Every juvenile criminal defense lawyer will tell you that children who experience violence grow up to be violent individuals. The aggression that people endure at home often causes them to lash out at other people. Teenagers who experience violence or who see it in others are more prone to act out their anxieties and resentments. They frequently exhibit a “don’t care” mentality, which makes it easier for them to get into problems.
Peer group: Comparable to community influences, peer pressure from close friends can influence how a young person responds to challenging circumstances. If all of the child’s peers are engaging in criminal behavior, the youngster can feel under pressure to follow suit in order to fit in. Maintaining regular contact with the friends your child hangs out with will help you prevent situations like this one. This not only gives the child the assurance to act morally, but it may also assist parents in shielding their kids from negative influences.
Addiction to drugs: Delinquency is frequently caused by drug dependence, either by the kid or by adults in the family. Effects of exposure to drug addiction frequently lack the essentials for survival and are driven to obtain them elsewhere. Others who have a drug use disorder may also need to engage in criminal activity to support their habit. The only effective cure for this kind of problem is counseling and treatment for these kids. They may become less confident in themselves as a result of these circumstances, which may lead them to do things they otherwise would not have thought to do.