National Curriculum Framework, 2005
The National Policy of Education from 1986 and the National Curriculum Frameworks that followed have been considered when modifying state curricula and materials on a regular basis. When updating the curriculum and text materials, the 84 essential values emphasized in NPE 1986 and the 10 basic components were kept in mind.
The 10 basic components are:
- The history of India’s freedom movement;
- The constitutional obligations;
- the content essential to nurturing national identity;
- India’s common cultural heritage;
- Egalitarianism, democracy, and secularism;
- equality of sexes;
- protection of the environment;
- The removal of social barriers;
- Small family norms and
- inculcation of scientific temper.
Before it was finalized, the program reform was also addressed with topic specialists and teaching staff in seminars conducted by DIETs and CTEs around the province. Before being introduced to the entire region, the books were also fully tested by being used for a year in a few randomly selected districts and receiving feedback.
Features of National Curriculum Framework
- The principles embodied in the Indian Constitution
- reducing the amount of coursework,
- Making systemic adjustments to ensure high standards of education for everyone
- public education structure,
Principles of National Curriculum Framework
- relating what is learned to life beyond the classroom,
- Making sure that rote memorization techniques are abandoned,
- enhancing the program to go beyond academics,
- Examinations should be more adaptable and integrated with classroom activities. fostering an overarching identity that is guided by compassionate principles within the nation’s democratic political system.
The NCF 2005 places further emphasis on the improvement of education and understanding:
- Curriculum practices are fundamentally concerned with how learners grow.
- Knowledge is not the same as understanding.
- providing educational opportunities to foster imagination and expertise.
- integrating information from several fields to create knowledge in an intelligent way.
- acquiring knowledge via experiences that foster critical thinking about societal concerns,
- a variety of textbooks and other resources with local knowledge that are moderated by democratic principles and beliefs