Meaning of Educational Technology

The word Technology originated from the Greek word “tekhnologia” meaning “systematic treatment of an art, craft, skill.” It means any system which is organized scientifically to attain the desired objective could be called technology. In Education, when an individual and machine work in an organized manner to deliver some information or to attain educational objectives, it would constitute educational technology.

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Definitions of Educational Technology by different Scholars and Authors

In 1967, the term educational technology was first used by Brynmor Jones Robert in the UK.

The following definitions suggested by different scholars are given below, to make the meaning of educational technology clear.

  • The National Council of Educational Technology(1971):Educational Technology as development, application and evaluation of systems, techniques, skills and aids to improve the process of human learning.”
  • G.O.M. Leith(1969):Educational Technology is a systematic application of scientific knowledge about teaching-learning and conditions of learning to improve the effectiveness of teaching and training.”
  • S S. Kulkarni(1986): “Educational Technology may be defined as the application of the laws as well as recent discoveries of science and technology to the process of education.”
  • Shiv K. Mitra: Educational Technology can be conceived as a science of techniques and methods by which educational goals could be realized.”
  • Robert A Cox(1978): “Educational Technology is the application of scientific process to man’s learning conditions.”
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From the above definitions, the following conclusions may be derived-

  • Science is the basis of Educational Technology.
  • It is a dynamic and effective method.
  • Science and Technology are under Educational Technology.
  • Educational Technology can’t solve every problem of education.
  • Engineering Technology does not come under educational technology, in education, it is accepted as a hardware approach only.