History of Guidance and Counselling in America

1)The factors leading to the development of guidance and counseling in the United States began in the 1890s with the social reform movement.  

2) The social and political reformer Frank Parsons is often credited with being the father of the vocational guidance movement. His work with the Civic Service House led to the development of the Boston Vocational Bureau.

3) In 1909 the Boston Vocational Bureau helped outline a system of vocational guidance in the Boston public schools. 

4)The 1920s and 1930s saw an expansion of counseling roles beyond working only with vocational concerns.

5)In the 1970s the school counsellor was beginning to be defined as part of a larger program, as opposed to being the entire program. 6)There was an emphasis on accountability of services provided by school counselors and the benefits that could be obtained with structured evaluations. 

7)This decade also gave rise to the special education movement. The educational and counseling needs of students with disabilities was addressed with the passage of the Education for All Handicapped Children Act in 1975.