Factors That Contribute to the Development of Guidance and Counselling

1)Counselling is part of an extensive sector of applied psychology, which has been extended in the structures of career counselling as well as of guidance and sustenance of the individuals during their attempt to practice a career according to their skills and capabilities, or their endeavour to decide upon the psychological problems correlated with their educational and professional life.

2)Guidance and counselling is continuous process. It enables an individual to recognise their abilities and potentialities irrespective of their age for lifelong fulfilment due to which it is a continuous process.

3)Guidance and counselling take real-life situations into account and help the individual accomplish his or her goals according to these situations.

4)Guidance and counselling is a process of giving assistance to individuals to overcome their personal and psychological difficulties. It helps them go through the process of development.

5)Although guidance and counselling are terms generally used together, they are not synonymous. Counselling is a part of guidance and a specialized service of guidance.

6)Guidance and counselling is a process that helps individuals recognize their abilities and develop them to contribute to society.


1)It helps individuals to recognize their potential and enhance it.

2)It helps individuals to have a better understanding of the world around them, process the realities of the world, and have a more realistic perception of the same.

3)It helps individuals to solve problems related to the vocational, personal, and educational aspects of their life effectively.

4)It helps individuals to become responsible members of the society and to contribute their best for the growth of the society.

5)It helps individuals to be aware that life is difficult for everyone and enables them to live a balanced life free of tension and stress.

6)When individuals have various alternatives, guidance and counselling helps them to make the best decision.

Ethics of Guidance and Counselling 


a)Confidentiality is an important ethical principle in counseling.

b) the ethical code guides us in how to respond. The American Counselling Association’s code used to waive confidentiality in the case of “clear and imminent danger” to someone. 


There might discover a mutual attraction between a candidate and a counsellor. School counsellors should be mindful of relationships that could compromise their objectivity and impair their ability to serve students fairly such as counseling children of close friends or romantic partners.


Autonomy is a basic moral principle in Counselling. People are entitled to make their own decisions and act on them, and counselors shouldn’t try to take that away. In specific cases, we may have to balance respect for individual choice with other factors, as when student isn’t capable of  her decisions could cause serious problems for herself or others. 


Having an ethical code also guides one as a career professional interacting with students. The ACA states that before any individual agrees to become your client, she should be able to learn exactly what services, techniques and Counselling procedures a counsellor employ and what sort of payment arrangements he/she expect. Following a code of ethics means acting honestly as a business person, as well as a counsellor.

Aspects of guidance and counselling 

1)Counselling and professional guidance need to take into account aspects such as:

a)The pupils’ personality features, 

b)Their theoretical and methodological skills, 

c)Their interests and preoccupations, 

d)Their  degree of compatibility – from a medical, physiological perspective.

Aspects of Guidance

1)Guiding learners is the responsibility of all who lead and support their learning

2)Learners needs for guidance can be categorised as personal, educational and vocational

3)This programme has its focus on ‘vocational /career guidance’ however it is important to see the linkage with other aspects.

Aspects of Counselling 

1)Issues and concerns in education and career.

2)Decisions regarding school, work, and retirement transitions.

3)Marital and family relationship difficulties.

4)Managing stressful life events.

5)Coping with ill health and physical disability.

6)Mental disorders.

7)Ongoing difficulties with getting along with people in general.