Counselling and Guidance

1)The main purpose of the guidance is to Optimum development of individual students for the ultimate development of the school while the main target of Counselling is to help individuals develop self confidence and adjust to life strategies and schooling problems.

2)Guidance refers to an advice or a relevant piece of information provided by a superior, to resolve a problem or overcome from difficulty. Counselling refers to a professional advice given by a counsellor to an individual to help him in overcoming from personal or psychological problems.

3)The terms guidance and counselling are being used in different contexts and can mean anything from informal advice that is often given to close friends to formal counselling undertaken by specially trained professionals.

4)Guidance is the assistance given to an individual to help him, to adjust to himself, to others and to his own environment. It is a process of all-around development. 

5)Counselling refers to professional services provided to an individual who is facing a problem and needs helps to overcome the problem. 6)Counselling considers being an integral part of Guidance. The process of Counselling helps an individual to find the solution to a problem and also helps in the overall development of an individual.

Important definitions of Guidance by scholars

1)Ruth Strang: “Guidance is the process of helping every individual, through his own effort, to discover and develop his potentialities for his personal happiness and Social usefulness.”

2)Crow and Crow: “Guidance is Assistance made available by personally and adequately trained Men and Women to an individual of any age to help him manage his own life activities, develop his own point of view, make his own decision and carry his own burdens”

3) Education Commission, 1952: “Guidance involves the difficult art of helping boys and girls to plan their own future wisely in the full light of all the factors can be mastered about themselves and about the world in which they are to live and work”.

Definitions of Counselling 

1) Ruth Strang: “Counselling is a face to face relationship in which growth takes place in the counsellor as well as counselee”

2)Carl Rogers: “Counselling is a process by which the structure of the self is relaxed in the safety of the relationship with the therapist, and previously denied experiences are perceived and then integrated into an altered self”


1))Guidance and counselling are both involved with the development of an individual who is facing and solving the problems. 

2)Despite the fact that both guidance and counselling are aimed at helping an individual in finding solutions to his problems, there are some differences between the two, especially in terms of how the process is carried out and implemented. For instance, Guidance helps or assists the person to choose the best decisions while Counselling tends to change the perspective, to help him get the solution by himself or herself.